Facts: Petitioner filed a complaint for libel against respondents. Petitioner’s counsel filed in behalf of petitioner the letter-requests to be furnished documents, answer to memorandum of charges, the letter-request for re-setting of the conference, and even the motion to reconsider the decision of the Board of Directors to dismiss him from the service.
The President shall have the power to make appointments during the recess of the Congress, whether voluntary or compulsory, but such appointments shall be effective only until disapproval by the Commission on Appointments or until the next adjournment of the Congress.
Held: In testing whether a statute constitutes an undue delegation of legislative power or not, it is usual to inquire whether the statute was complete in all its terms and provisions when it left the hands of the Legislature so that nothing was left to the judgment of the administrative body or any other appointee or delegate of the Legislature.
Despite the exercise of discretion that is essentially judicial in character, particularly with respect to election contests, COMELEC is not a tribunal within the judicial branch of government and is not a court exercising judicial power in the constitutional sense;Â hence, its adjudicative function, exercised as it is in the course of administration and enforcement, is quasi-judicial.
The COMELEC, however, through its Resolution No. 9922, decided to pursue a direct contracting arrangement with Smartmatic-TIM, which has now resulted in the execution of the Extended Warranty Contract (Program 1). Petitioners assail the validity of the foregoing courses of action mainly for violating the GPRA.